The NCBS Research Collections are arranged as:

  • Dry Collections: primarily pinned insect specimens
  • Wet Collections: primarily arachnids (spiders, scorpions, etc.) and herpetofauna (amphibians and reptiles) in 70% ethanol
  • Frozen Tissue Collections: tissue of all the above animal groups preserved in 100% molecular-grade ethanol, RNAlater, and Trizol, maintained at -80°C in deep freezers for genome and transcriptome sequencing Specimen details such as species names and other taxonomic information, geo-referenced collection localities, dates, genitalia dissections, genetic sequences, etc., are catalogued in a central, searcheable, electronic database. We have also been actively engaged in data repatriation from historical specimen collections largely from European and North American museums, which will be made available on the Collections website in due course.
  • Specimen database
  • Data repatriation
  • Links
  • Type Specimens

 

Dry Collections

The Dry Collections largely include pinned insect specimens, and a few plant and insect fossils. They are arranged in species-specific unit trays and arranged in taxonomic order in custom-made drawers and cabinets. Most of the collections are housed in California Academy System Drawers, with very large specimens in Cornell University Drawers. The curation protocols used for the dry collections are in line with the current protocols used in the Natural History Museum (London) and the McGuire Centre for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity (Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville).

Wet Collections

Wet Collections contain specimens of reptiles, amphibians, spiders, snails, etc., preserved in ethanol, formaldehyde and other liquid preservatives. These specimens are preserved in an air-conditioned room at ca 24°C, in glass jars inside custom-made,  fire-resistant metal cabinets. They are arranged in genus- or family-specific jars that are arranged in taxonomic order in custom-made drawers and cabinets. Curation protocols used for the Wet Collections are in line with the current protocols used in the Natural History Museum (London), and the American Museum of Natural History (New York, USA).

 

Frozen Tissue Collections

Frozen tissue collections have become central to modern biodiversity collections because of their tremendous value for molecular systematics and genome sequencing. NCBS Research Collections hold a substantial tissue collection frozen in -80°C freezers. These are usually preserved in 100% ethanol. This tissue collection is being used in molecular systematic, evolutionary, ecological and conservation genetic studies at NCBS. It forms a core part of the research programme in several NCBS labs.

Specimen database
Data Repatriation

We have photographed approx. 15,500 specimens of Indian butterflies, cicadas and other organisms from the Natural History Museum (London), Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard University), Florida Museum of Natural History (Gainesville, Florida), Zoological Survey of India (Kolkata), and the University Museum (University of Tokyo). These images include label information of these historical specimens that were taken out of India long ago, back into India. Write to us if you wish to learn more about these data repatriation efforts.

Links

Natural History Museums: This is a list of museums that have significant collections of Indian biodiversity.

Indian Museums:
National Centre for Biological Sciences, TIFR, Bengaluru
Zoological Survey of India, several branches across India
Botanical Survey of India, several branches across India
Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa (popularly known as the Pusa Institute)
Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai
Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow
Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun
ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources (NBAIR), Bengaluru
University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru and Dharwad

Foreign Museums:
Natural History Museum, London
Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris
American Museum of Natural History, New York
Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC
Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, Florida

Labeling Natural History Collections

Insect and Spider Collections of the World Website

Museum Pests

Notes from Nature: Transcribe Museum Records

Integrated Digitized Biocollections (iDigBio)

Type Specimens at NCBS

Species for which NCBS holds type specimens are listed below. This includes approx. 170 specimens representing 51 newly described species (as of Sept. 2019), which have been deposited by NCBS research scientists, research associates, and unaffiliated scientists from other research institutions as well as amateur taxonomists:

  1. Ceriagrion chromothorax Joshi & Sawant, 2019: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  2. Cyclogomphus flavoannulatus Rangnekar, Dharwadkar, Sadasivan & Subramanian, 2019: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  3. Hemidactylus sankariensis Agarwal, Bauer, Giri & Khandekar, 2019: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  4. Hemidactylus chikhaldaraensis Agarwal, Bauer, Giri & Khandekar, 2019: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  5. Cnemaspis agarwali Khandekar, 2019: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  6. Cnemaspis thackerayi Khandekar, Gaitonde & Agarwal, 2019: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  7. Cnemaspis shevaroyensis Khandekar, Gaitonde & Agarwal, 2019: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  8. Jerzego sunillimaye Sanap, Caleb & Joglekar, 2019: Holotype and paratype are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  9. Althepus devraii Kulkarni & Dupérré, 2019: Holotype and paratype are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  10. Hemidactylus vijayraghavani Mirza, 2018: Holotype and paratype are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  11. Gravelyia striatus Mirza & Mondal, 2018: Holotype and paratype are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  12. Hemidactylus whitakeri Mirza, Gncbswebadminowande, Patil,  Ambekar & Patel, 2018: Holotype and paratype are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  13. Hemidactylus sahgali Mirza, Gowande, Patil,  Ambekar & Patel, 2018: Holotype and paratype are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  14. Rustia minuta Marathe, Sanborn & Kunte, 2018: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  15. Rustia kodagura Marathe, Sanborn & Kunte, 2018: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  16. Ophisops kutchensis Agarwal, Khandekar, Ramakrishnan, Vyas & Giri, 2018: Holotype and paratype are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  17. Ophisops pushkarensis Agarwal, Khandekar, Ramakrishnan, Vyas & Giri, 2018: Paratype are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  18. Microhyla kodial Vineeth et al., 2018: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  19. Uropeltis bhupathyi Jins, Sampaio & Gower, 2018: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  20. Tyrannomyrmex alii Kalesh, & Kripakaran, 2017. Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  21. Theretra shendurneensis Sondhi, Kitching, Basu & Kunte, 2017: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  22. Tetramorium krishnani Agavekancbswebadminr, Hita Garcia & Economo, 2017: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  23. Tetramorium jarawa Agavekar, Hita Garcia & Economo, 2017: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  24. Cephalaeschna acanthifrons Joshi & Kunte, 2017: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  25. Planaeschna poumai Joshi & Kunte, 2017: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  26. Platypleura poorvachala Marathe, Yeshwanth, Basu & Kunte, 2017: Paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  27. Orientothele alyratus Mirza, Sanap & Kunte, 2017: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  28. Langelurillus lacteus Sanap, Joglekar, Prajapati & Caleb, 2017: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  29. Langelurillus onyx Sanap, Joglekar, Prajapati & Caleb, 2017: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  30. Rhabdops aquaticus Giri et al., 2017: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  31. Hemidactylus chipkali Mirza & Raju, 2016: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  32. Thaicharmus guptai Mirza, Sanap & Kunte, 2016: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  33. Wallaceophis gujaratensis Mirza, Vyas, Patel, Maheta & Sanap, 2016: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  34. Stenaelurillus metallicus Caleb & Mathai, 2016: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  35. Sitana viciri Deepak et al., 2016: Holotype are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  36. Sitana laticeps Deepak et al., 2016: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  37. Sitana spinaecephalus Deepak et al., 2016: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  38. Sarada darwini Deepak et al., 2016: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  39. Sarada superba Deepak et al., 2016: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  40. Melanophidium khairei Gower, Giri, Captain & Wilkinson, 2016: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  41. Cyrtodactylus varadgirii Agarwal et al., 2016: Type is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  42. Hemidactylus yajurvedi Murthy, Bauer, Lajmi, Agarwal & Giri, 2015: Paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  43. Protosticta ponmudiensis Kiran, Kalesh & Kunte, 2015: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  44. Hypolycaena narada Kunte, 2015: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  45. Cosmophasis undulata Caleb & Karthikeyani, 2015: Holotype is in the NCBS Research Collections.
  46. Langona albolinea Caleb, Mungkung & Mathai, 2015: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  47. Mashonarus davidi Caleb, Mungkung & Mathai, 2015: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  48. Phanuelus gladstone Caleb, Mungkung & Mathai, 2015: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  49. Phlegra prasanna Caleb, Mungkung & Mathai, 2015: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  50. Harmochirus exaggeratus Caleb & Mathai, 2015: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.
  51. Hyllus manu Caleb, Christudhas, Laltanpuii & Chitra, 2014: Holotype and paratypes are in the NCBS Research Collections.