TitleStructural organization of RDGB (retinal degeneration B), a multi-domain lipid transfer protein: a molecular modelling and simulation based approach.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsKrishnan H, Basak B, Nath VR, Mishra S, Raghu P
JournalJ Biomol Struct Dyn
Date Published2023 Feb 20

Lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) that shuttle lipids at membrane contact sites (MCS) play an important role in maintaining cellular homeostasis. One such important LTP is the Retinal Degeneration B (RDGB) protein. RDGB is localized at the MCS formed between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the apical plasma membrane (PM) in photoreceptors where it transfers phosphatidylinositol (PI) during G-protein coupled phospholipase C signalling. Previously, the C-terminal domains of RDGB have been shown to be essential for its function and accurate localization. In this study, using integrative modelling we predict the structure of entire RDGB protein in complex with the ER membrane protein VAP. The structure of RDGB has then been used to decipher the structural features of the protein important for its orientation at the contact site. Using this structure, we identify two lysine residues in the C-terminal helix of the LNS2 domain important for interaction with the PM. Using molecular docking, we also identify an unstructured region USR1, immediately c-terminal to the PITP domain that is important for the interaction of RDGB with VAP. Overall the 10.06 nm length of the predicted RDGB-VAP complex spans the distance between the PM and ER and is consistent with the cytoplasmic gap between the ER and PM measured by transmission electron microscopy in photoreceptors. Overall our model explains the topology of the RDGB-VAP complex at this ER-PM contact site and paves the way for analysis of lipid transfer function in this setting.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

Alternate JournalJ Biomol Struct Dyn
PubMed ID36803287