TitleA structural map of oncomiR-1 at single-nucleotide resolution.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsChakraborty S, Krishnan Y
JournalNucleic Acids Res
Date Published2017 Sep 19

The miR-17-92a cluster, also known as 'oncomiR-1', is an RNA transcript that plays a pivotal regulatory role in cellular processes, including the cell cycle, proliferation and apoptosis. Its dysregulation underlies the development of several cancers. Oncomir-1 comprises six constituent miRNAs, each processed with different efficiencies as a function of both developmental time and tissue type. The structural mechanisms that regulate such differential processing are unknown, and this has impeded our understanding of the dysregulation of oncomiR-1 in pathophysiology. By probing the sensitivity of each nucleotide in oncomiR-1 to reactive small molecules, we present a secondary structural map of this RNA at single-nucleotide resolution. The secondary structure and solvent accessible regions of oncomiR-1 reveal that most of its primary microRNA domains are suboptimal substrates for Drosha-DGCR8, and therefore resistant to microprocessing. The structure indicates that the binding of trans-acting factors is required to remodel the tertiary organization and unmask cryptic primary microRNA domains to facilitate their processing into pre-microRNAs.

Alternate JournalNucleic Acids Res.
PubMed ID28934477