Sex-specific molecular specialization and activity rhythm dependent gene expression in honey bee antennae.
|Title||Sex-specific molecular specialization and activity rhythm dependent gene expression in honey bee antennae.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Jain R, Brockmann A|
|Journal||J Exp Biol|
|Date Published||2020 May 11|
We performed an RNA-seq based comparison of gene expression levels in the antennae of honey bee drones and time-trained foragers (workers) collected at different times of the day and different activity states. Interestingly, olfaction-related genes (i.e. odorant receptor (), odorant binding proteins (), carboxyl esterases () etc.) showed stable gene expression differences between drone and worker antennae. Drone antennae showed higher expression of 24 of which 21 belong to the clade X which comprises the receptor for the major queen pheromone compound 9-ODA. This high number of drone-biased suggests that more than previously expected play a role in sex-pheromone communication. In addition, we found higher expression levels for many non-olfaction related genes including (), and the potassium channel In contrast, workers showed higher expression of 67 which belong to different clades that are involved in pheromone communication as well as the perception of cuticular hydrocarbons and floral scents. Further, drone antennae showed higher expression of genes involved in energy metabolism, whereas worker antennae showed higher expression of genes involved in neuronal communication consistent with earlier reports on peripheral olfactory plasticity. Finally, drones that perform mating flight in the afternoon (innate) and foragers that are trained to forage in the afternoon (adapted) showed similar daily changes in the expression of two major clock genes, and Most of the other genes showing changes with time or onset of daily flight activity were specific to drones and foragers.
|Alternate Journal||J. Exp. Biol.|