TitleThe pathogenic mutation T182A converts the prion protein into a molten globule-like conformation whose misfolding to oligomers but not to fibrils is drastically accelerated.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSingh J, Udgaonkar JB
Date Published2016

Delineation of the effects of pathogenic mutations linked with familial prion diseases, on the structure and misfolding of prion protein (PrP), will be useful in understanding the molecular mechanism of PrP misfolding. Here, it has been shown that the pathogenic mutation T182A causes a drastic reduction in the apparent cooperativity and enthalpy of unfolding of the mouse prion protein (moPrP) under misfolding-prone conditions by converting the protein into a molten globule (MG)-like conformation. Hydrogen-deuterium exchange studies in conjunction with mass spectrometry indicate that the T182A mutation disrupts the core of the protein, thereby increasing overall structural dynamics. T182A moPrP is shown to misfold to oligomers very much faster than does wt moPrP, but to misfold to fibrils at a rate similar to that of wt moPrP. This observation suggests that oligomers are unlikely to play a productive role on the direct pathway of aggregation from monomer to fibrils. The observation that fully folded T182A moPrP has a MG-like structure, and that it misfolds to oligomers much faster than does wt moPrP, suggests that a MG-like intermediate, whose structure resembles that of fully folded T182A moPrP, might be populated early on the pathway of misfolding of wt moPrP to oligomers.

Alternate JournalBiochemistry
PubMed ID26713717