TitleA new species of bent-toed geckos of the genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 from western Arunachal Pradesh, India
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsMirza ZA, Bhosale H, Ansari F, Phansalkar P, Sawant M, Gowande G, Patel H
Date Published03/2022

A new species of bent-toed geckos of the genus Cyrtodactylus is described from western Arunachal Pradesh. The new species is a member of the Indo-Burma clade and is embedded within the `peguensis" group, a relationship deduced contingent on a partial fragment of mitochondrial NADH subunit 2 gene. Cyrtodactylus kamengensis sp. nov. is morphologically similar to C. himalayicus from which it differs in bearing a distinct ventrolateral fold and 6-8 basal lamellae on digit IV of pes. Genetically, the new species is sister to the Indian lineage of the `peguensis" group containing C. bhupathyi and C. gubernatoris. The Indian lineage of the `peguen-sis" group diverged from its Burmese relatives during the mid-Oligocene likely followed by the beginning of the Himalayan uplift, highlighting the role of the Himalayas in the diversification of biota.