TitleNeurological Consequences of Sphingosine Phosphate Lyase Insufficiency.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsAtreya KB, Saba JD
JournalFront Cell Neurosci
Date Published2022

In 2017, an inborn error of metabolism caused by recessive mutations in was discovered. The disease features steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, adrenal insufficiency, and neurological defects. The latter can include sensorineural hearing loss, cranial nerve defects, peripheral neuropathy, abnormal brain development, seizures and/or neurodegeneration. encodes the pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzyme sphingosine phosphate lyase (SPL), and the condition is now referred to as SPL insufficiency syndrome (SPLIS). SPL catalyzes the final step in the degradative pathway of sphingolipids in which the bioactive sphingolipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is irreversibly degraded to a long chain aldehyde and phosphoethanolamine (PE). SPL guards the only exit point for sphingolipid metabolism, and its inactivation leads to accumulation of various types of sphingolipids which have biophysical roles in plasma membrane rafts and myelin, and signaling roles in cell cycle progression, vesicular trafficking, cell migration, and programmed cell death. In addition, the products of the SPL reaction have biological functions including regulation of autophagic flux, which is important in axonal and neuronal integrity. In this review, the neurological manifestations of SPLIS will be described, and insights regarding the neurological consequences of SPL insufficiency from the study of brain-specific SPL knockout mice and SPL mutants will be summarized.

Alternate JournalFront Cell Neurosci
PubMed ID36187293
PubMed Central IDPMC9519528