The Myosin Family of Mechanoenzymes: From Mechanisms to Therapeutic Approaches.
|Title||The Myosin Family of Mechanoenzymes: From Mechanisms to Therapeutic Approaches.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Trivedi DV, Nag S, Spudich A, Ruppel KM, Spudich JA|
|Journal||Annu Rev Biochem|
|Date Published||2020 Mar 13|
Myosins are among the most fascinating enzymes in biology. As extremely allosteric chemomechanical molecular machines, myosins are involved in myriad pivotal cellular functions and are frequently sites of mutations leading to disease phenotypes. Human β-cardiac myosin has proved to be an excellent target for small-molecule therapeutics for heart muscle diseases, and, as we describe here, other myosin family members are likely to be potentially unique targets for treating other diseases as well. The first part of this review focuses on how myosins convert the chemical energy of ATP hydrolysis into mechanical movement, followed by a description of existing therapeutic approaches to target human β-cardiac myosin. The next section focuses on the possibility of targeting nonmuscle members of the human myosin family for several diseases. We end the review by describing the roles of myosin in parasites and the therapeutic potential of targeting them to block parasitic invasion of their hosts. Expected final online publication date for the , Volume 89 is June 22, 2020. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.
|Alternate Journal||Annu. Rev. Biochem.|