TitleMeasurement of Alcohol-Dependent Physiological Changes in Red Blood Cells Using Resistive Pulse Sensing.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsKaushik S, Mahadeva M, Sundaramurthy V, Soni GVivek
JournalACS Sens
Date Published2020 Nov 18

Alcohol exposure has been postulated to adversely affect the physiology and function of the red blood cells (RBCs). The global pervasiveness of alcohol abuse, causing health issues and social problems, makes it imperative to resolve the physiological effects of alcohol on RBC physiology. Alcohol consumed recreationally or otherwise almost immediately alters cell physiology in ways that is subtle and still unresolved. In this paper, we introduce a high-resolution device for quantitative electrofluidic measurement of changes in RBC volume upon alcohol exposure. We present an exhaustive calibration of our device using model cells to measure and resolve volume changes down to 0.6 fL. We find an RBC shrinkage of 5.3% at 0.125% ethanol (the legal limit in the United States) and a shrinkage of 18.5% at 0.5% ethanol (the lethal limit) exposure. Further, we also measure the time dependence of cell volume shrinkage (upon alcohol exposure) and then recovery (upon alcohol removal) to quantify shrinkage and recovery of RBC volumes. This work presents the first direct quantification of temporal and concentration-dependent changes in red blood cell volume upon ethanol exposure. Our device presents a universally applicable high-resolution and high-throughput platform to measure changes in cell physiology under native and diseased conditions.

Alternate JournalACS Sens
PubMed ID33205646