TitleInterdomain interactions regulate the localization of a lipid transfer protein at ER-PM contact sites.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBasak B, Krishnan H, Padinjat R
JournalBiol Open
Date Published2021 Feb 17
ISSN2046-6390
Abstract

During phospholipase C-β (PLC-β) signalling in photoreceptors, the phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (PITP) RDGB, is required for lipid transfer at endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-plasma membrane (PM) contact sites (MCS). Depletion of RDGB or its mis-localization away from the ER-PM MCS results in multiple defects in photoreceptor function. Previously, the interaction between the FFAT motif of RDGB and the integral ER protein dVAP-A was shown to be essential for accurate localization to ER-PM MCS. Here, we report that the FFAT/dVAP-A interaction alone is insufficient to localize RDGB accurately; this also requires the function of the C-terminal domains, DDHD and LNS2. Mutations in each of these domains results in mis-localization of RDGB leading to loss of function. While the LNS2 domain is necessary, it is not sufficient for the correct localization of RDGB, which also requires the C-terminal DDHD domain. The function of the DDHD domain is mediated through an intramolecular interaction with the LNS2 domain. Thus, interactions between the additional domains in a multi-domain PITP together lead to accurate localization at the MCS and signalling function.

DOI10.1242/bio.057422
Alternate JournalBiol Open
PubMed ID33597200
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