TitleGlobal pleiotropic effects in adaptively evolved lacking CRP reveal molecular mechanisms that define the growth physiology.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsPal A, Iyer MS, Srinivasan S, Seshasayee ASai Narain, Venkatesh KV
JournalOpen Biol
Date Published2022 Feb

Evolution facilitates emergence of fitter phenotypes by efficient allocation of cellular resources in conjunction with beneficial mutations. However, system-wide pleiotropic effects that redress the perturbations to the apex node of the transcriptional regulatory networks remain unclear. Here, we elucidate that absence of global transcriptional regulator CRP in results in alterations in key metabolic pathways under glucose respiratory conditions, favouring stress- or hedging-related functions over growth-enhancing functions. Further, we disentangle the growth-mediated effects from the CRP regulation-specific effects on these metabolic pathways. We quantitatively illustrate that the loss of CRP perturbs proteome efficiency, as evident from metabolic as well as ribosomal proteome fractions, that corroborated with intracellular metabolite profiles. To address how copes with such systemic defect, we evolved mutant in the presence of glucose. Besides acquiring mutations in the promoter of glucose transporter , the evolved populations recovered the metabolic pathways to their pre-perturbed state coupled with metabolite re-adjustments, which altogether enabled increased growth. By contrast to mutant, the evolved strains remodelled their proteome efficiency towards biomass synthesis, albeit at the expense of carbon efficiency. Overall, we comprehensively illustrate the genetic and metabolic basis of pleiotropic effects, fundamental for understanding the growth physiology.

Alternate JournalOpen Biol
PubMed ID35167766