TitleGenome-wide survey of tyrosine phosphatases in thirty mammalian genomes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBhattacharyya T, Sowdhamini R
JournalCell Signal
Date Published04/2021

The age of genomics has given us a wealth of information and the tools to study whole genomes. This, in turn, has facilitated genome-wide studies among organisms that were relatively less studied in the pre-genomic era or are non-model organisms. This paves the way to the discovery of interesting evolutionary patterns, which are brought to light by genome-wide surveys of protein superfamilies. Phosphorylation is a post-translational modification that is utilised across all clades of life, and acts as an important signalling switch, regulating several cellular processes. Tyrosine phosphatases, which are found predominantly in eukaryotes, act on phosphorylated tyrosine residues and sometimes on other substrates. Extending on our previous effort to look for tyrosine phosphatases in the human genome, we have looked for sequences of the cysteine-based tyrosine phosphatase superfamily in thirty mammalian genomes from all across Mammalia and validated the sequences with the presence of the signature catalytic motif. Domain architecture annotation, followed by in-depth analysis, revealed interesting taxon-specific patterns such as subtle differences between the protein families in marsupials and early mammals versus placental mammals. Finally, we discuss an interesting case of loss of the tyrosine phosphatase domain from a gene product in the course of eutherian evolution