GABAergic inhibition of leg motoneurons is required for normal walking behavior in freely moving.
|Title||GABAergic inhibition of leg motoneurons is required for normal walking behavior in freely moving.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Gowda SBM, Paranjpe PD, O Reddy V, Thiagarajan D, Palliyil S, Reichert H, VijayRaghavan K|
|Journal||Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A|
|Date Published||2018 Feb 13|
Walking is a complex rhythmic locomotor behavior generated by sequential and periodical contraction of muscles essential for coordinated control of movements of legs and leg joints. Studies of walking in vertebrates and invertebrates have revealed that premotor neural circuitry generates a basic rhythmic pattern that is sculpted by sensory feedback and ultimately controls the amplitude and phase of the motor output to leg muscles. However, the identity and functional roles of the premotor interneurons that directly control leg motoneuron activity are poorly understood. Here we take advantage of the powerful genetic methodology available into investigate the role of premotor inhibition in walking by genetically suppressing inhibitory input to leg motoneurons. For this, we have developed an algorithm for automated analysis of leg motion to characterize the walking parameters of wild-type flies from high-speed video recordings. Further, we use genetic reagents for targeted RNAi knockdown of inhibitory neurotransmitter receptors in leg motoneurons together with quantitative analysis of resulting changes in leg movement parameters in freely walkingOur findings indicate that targeted down-regulation of the GABAreceptor Rdl (Resistance to Dieldrin) in leg motoneurons results in a dramatic reduction of walking speed and step length without the loss of general leg coordination during locomotion. Genetically restricting the knockdown to the adult stage and subsets of motoneurons yields qualitatively identical results. Taken together, these findings identify GABAergic premotor inhibition of motoneurons as an important determinant of correctly coordinated leg movements and speed of walking in freely behaving.
|Alternate Journal||Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.|