TitleEpidemiological and ES cell-based Functional Evaluation of BRCA2 Variants Identified in Families with Breast Cancer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsSullivan T, Thirthagiri E, Chong C-E, Stauffer S, Reid S, Southon E, Hassan T, Ravichandran A, Wijaya E, Lim J, Taib NAishah Moh, Fadzli F, Yip CHar, Hartman M, Li J, van Dam RM, North SL, Das R, Easton DF, Biswas K, Teo S-H, Sharan SK
Corporate AuthorsSGBCC Investigators, MYBRCA Investigators
JournalHum Mutat
Date Published2020 Dec 13
ISSN1098-1004
Abstract

The discovery of high-risk breast cancer susceptibility genes such as BRCA1 DNA Repair Associated (BRCA1) and BRCA2 DNA Repair Associated (BRCA2) has led to accurate identification of individuals for risk management and targeted therapy. The rapid decline in sequencing costs has tremendously increased the number of individuals who are undergoing genetic testing world-wide. However, given the significant differences in population-specific variants, interpreting the results of these tests can be challenging especially for novel genetic variants in understudied populations. Here we report the characterization of novel variants in the Malaysian and Singaporean population that consist of different ethnic groups (Malays, Chinese, Indian and other indigenous groups). We have evaluated the functional significance of 14 BRCA2 VUS by using multiple in silico prediction tools and examined their frequency in a cohort of 7,840 breast cancer cases and 7,928 healthy controls. In addition, we have used a mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC)-based functional assay to assess the impact of these variants on BRCA2 function. We found these variants to be functionally indistinguishable from wild-type BRCA2. These variants could fully rescue the lethality of Brca2-null mESCs and exhibited no sensitivity to six different DNA damaging agents including a PARP inhibitor. Our findings strongly suggest that all 14 evaluated variants are functionally neutral. Our findings should be valuable in risk assessment of individuals carrying these variants. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1002/humu.24154
Alternate JournalHum Mutat
PubMed ID33314489
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