TitleDisulfide-Rich Cyclic Peptides from Protect against β-Amyloid Toxicity and Oxidative Stress in Transgenic .
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsKalmankar NV, Hari H, Sowdhamini R, Venkatesan R
JournalJ Med Chem
Date Published2021 May 28

Neurotoxic aggregation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) is an associated process. In the present study, we report the neuroprotective effects of disulfide-rich, circular peptides from () (butterfly pea) on Aβ-induced toxicity in transgenic . Cyclotides (∼30 amino acids long) are a special class of cyclic cysteine knot peptides. We show that cyclotide-rich fractions from different plant tissues delay Aβ-induced paralysis in the transgenic CL4176 strain expressing the human muscle-specific Aβ gene. They also improved Aβ-induced chemotaxis defects in CL2355 strain expressing Aβ in the neuronal cells. ROS assay suggests that this protection is likely mediated by the inhibition of Aβ oligomerization. Furthermore, Aβ deposits were reduced in the CL2006 strain treated with the fractions. The study shows that cyclotides from could be a source of a novel pharmacophore scaffold against neurodegenerative diseases.

Alternate JournalJ Med Chem
PubMed ID34048659