TitleChronic exposure of humans to high level natural background radiation leads to robust expression of protective stress response proteins.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsNishad S, Chauhan PKumar, Sowdhamini R, Ghosh A
JournalSci Rep
Date Published2021 Jan 19

Understanding exposures to low doses of ionizing radiation are relevant since most environmental, diagnostic radiology and occupational exposures lie in this region. However, the molecular mechanisms that drive cellular responses at these doses, and the subsequent health outcomes, remain unclear. A local monazite-rich high level natural radiation area (HLNRA) in the state of Kerala on the south-west coast of Indian subcontinent show radiation doses extending from ≤ 1 to ≥ 45 mGy/y and thus, serve as a model resource to understand low dose mechanisms directly on healthy humans. We performed quantitative discovery proteomics based on multiplexed isobaric tags (iTRAQ) coupled with LC-MS/MS on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells from HLNRA individuals. Several proteins involved in diverse biological processes such as DNA repair, RNA processing, chromatin modifications and cytoskeletal organization showed distinct expression in HLNRA individuals, suggestive of both recovery and adaptation to low dose radiation. In protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks, YWHAZ (14-3-3ζ) emerged as the top-most hub protein that may direct phosphorylation driven pro-survival cellular processes against radiation stress. PPI networks also identified an integral role for the cytoskeletal protein ACTB, signaling protein PRKACA; and the molecular chaperone HSPA8. The data will allow better integration of radiation biology and epidemiology for risk assessment [Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD022380].

Alternate JournalSci Rep
PubMed ID33469066
Grant ListSB/S2/JC-071/2015 / / J.C. Bose Fellowship, Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India /