: A Candidate Transcription Factor Involved in Molecular Processes Underlying Time-Memory.
|Title||: A Candidate Transcription Factor Involved in Molecular Processes Underlying Time-Memory.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Shah A, Jain R, Brockmann A|
In honey bees, continuous foraging is accompanied by a sustained up-regulation of the immediate early gene (early growth response protein-1) and candidate downstream genes involved in learning and memory. Here, we present a series of feeder training experiments indicating that expression is highly correlated with the time and duration of training even in the absence of the food reward. Foragers that were trained to visit a feeder over the whole day and then collected on a day without food presentation showed up-regulation over the whole day with a peak expression around 14:00. When exposed to a time-restricted feeder presentation, either 2 h in the morning or 2 h in the evening, expression in the brain was up-regulated only during the hours of training. Foragers that visited a feeder in the morning as well as in the evening showed two peaks of expression. Finally, when we prevented time-trained foragers from leaving the colony using artificial rain, expression in the brains was still slightly but significantly up-regulated around the time of feeder training. hybridization studies showed that active foraging and time-training induced up-regulation occurred in the same brain areas, preferentially the small Kenyon cells of the mushroom bodies and the antennal and optic lobes. Based on these findings we propose that foraging induced expression can get regulated by the circadian clock after time-training over several days and is a candidate transcription factor involved in molecular processes underlying time-memory.
|Alternate Journal||Front Psychol|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC5997935|