Adult neural stem cells have latent inflammatory potential that is kept suppressed by to facilitate adult neurogenesis.
|Title||Adult neural stem cells have latent inflammatory potential that is kept suppressed by to facilitate adult neurogenesis.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Shariq M, Sahasrabuddhe V, Krishna S, Radha S, Bellampalli R, Dwivedi A, Cheramangalam R, Reizis B, Hébert J, Ghosh HS|
|Date Published||2021 May|
Inflammation is known to adversely affect adult neurogenesis, wherein the source of inflammation is largely thought to be extraneous to the neurogenic niche. Here, we demonstrate that the adult hippocampal neural progenitors harbor an inflammatory potential that is proactively suppressed by transcription factor 4 (). Deletion of in hippocampal -expressing progenitors causes loss of proliferative capacity and acquisition of myeloid inflammatory properties. This transformation abolishes their differentiation potential and causes production of detrimental factors that adversely affect niche cells, causing inflammation in the dentate gyrus. Thus, on one hand, deletion causes abrogation of proliferative progenitors leading to reduction of adult neurogenesis, while on the other, their accompanying inflammatory transformation inflicts inflammation in the niche. Taken together, we provide the first evidence for a latent inflammatory potential of adult hippocampal neural progenitors and identify as a critical regulator that facilitates adult neurogenesis via proactive suppression of this detrimental potential.
|Alternate Journal||Sci Adv|