Acyl chain selection couples the consumption and synthesis of phosphoinositides.
|Title||Acyl chain selection couples the consumption and synthesis of phosphoinositides.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Barneda D, Janardan V, Niewczas I, Collins DM, Cosulich S, Clark J, Stephens LR, Hawkins PT|
|Date Published||2022 Jun 30|
Phosphoinositides (PIPn) in mammalian tissues are enriched in the stearoyl/arachidonoyl acyl chain species ("C38:4"), but its functional significance is unclear. We have used metabolic tracers (isotopologues of inositol, glucose and water) to study PIPn synthesis in cell lines in which this enrichment is preserved to differing relative extents. We show that PIs synthesised from glucose are initially enriched in shorter/more saturated acyl chains, but then rapidly remodelled towards the C38:4 species. PIs are also synthesised by a distinct 're-cycling pathway', which utilises existing precursors and exhibits substantial selectivity for the synthesis of C38:4-PA and -PI. This re-cycling pathway is rapidly stimulated during receptor activation of phospholipase-C, both allowing the retention of the C38:4 backbone and the close coupling of PIPn consumption to its resynthesis, thus maintaining pool sizes. These results suggest that one property of the specific acyl chain composition of PIPn is that of a molecular code, to facilitate 'metabolic channelling' from PIP2 to PI via pools of intermediates (DG, PA and CDP-DG) common to other lipid metabolic pathways.
|Alternate Journal||EMBO J|
|Grant List||BB/T002530/1, BB/P013384/1 / / UKRI | Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) / |
NiC Fellow / / TIFR | National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS) /
/ / National University of Ireland /