Event Title : Regulation of phosphatidylinositol 4,5 bisphosphate turnover during G-protein coupled PLC signaling in vivo

Session Theme :Signalling to regulation, Session Chair : Sonia Sen
Speaker Name: 
Raghu Padinjat
Start Time: 
Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 18:20
End Time: 
Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 18:40
Talks Abstract: 

The hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5- bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2] at the plasma membrane by receptor activated phospholipase C (PLC) activity is a conserved mechanism of signal transduction. Given the low abundance of PI(4,5)P2 at the plasma membrane, its hydrolysis needs to be coupled to lipid resynthesis to ensure continued PLC activity during receptor activation. However, the mechanism by which PI(4,5)P2 depletion during signalling is coupled to its resynthesis remains unknown. PI(4,5)P2 synthesis is catalyzed by lipid kinase activity and the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4 phosphate (PI4P) by phosphatidylinositol 4 phosphate 5 kinase (PIP5K) is the final step in this process. In Drosophila photoreceptors, sensory transduction of photon absorption is transduced into PLC activity leading to an electrical response to light. During this process, PI(4,5)P2 is resynthesized by a PIP5K activity but the mechanism by which the activity of this enzyme is coupled to PLC signalling is not known. In this study, we identify a unique protein isoform of dPIP5K, dPIP5KL that is both necessary and sufficient to mediate PI(4,5)P2 synthesis during phototransduction. The activity of dPIP5KL in vitro is enhanced by depletion of PNUT, a non-redundant subunit of the septin family of GTP binding proteins and in vivo, depletion of pnut rescues the effect of dPIP5KL depletion on the light response and PI(4,5)P2 resynthesis during PLC signalling. Thus, our work defines a septin 7 mediated mechanism through which PIP5K activity is coupled to ongoing PLC mediated PI(4,5)P2 depletion

Event Day: 
Day 2 (11th Jan 2022)